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BROILER MANAGEMENT GUIDE

The objective of broiler management is to achieve heavy birds with uniform weights. The first two weeks in a broiler’s life are critical and require attention.

CHICK MANAGEMENT BEFORE BIRDS ARRIVE.

  • Houses, surrounding areas and all equipment should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected before arrival.
  • Litter should be evenly spread to a depth of 8-10cm.Uneven litter can restrict access to feed and water.
  • Heat the brooder one hour before chicks arrive.
  • For the best results, chicks should be delivered to the farm as soon as possible, and fed immediately.

Chicks should NEVER be transported in the boot of a car. They should be placed on a car seat, with adequate ventilation.

  • Spacing should be 10 birds per meter squared(10/m2).Avoid over crowding of birds.

CHICK MANAGEMENT UPON ARRIVAL.

  • Chicks should be removed from the box immediately. The longer they remain in boxes, the greater the potential for dehydration. This will result in mortality and reduced growth.
  • For the first seven days, provide 23 hours of light to help the chicks to adapt to their new environment and encourage feeding.
  • Give the birds feed and water immediately after they arrive at the farm,and add vitamins to the water immediately.
  • Arrange drinkers and feeders to enable the chicks to reach the feed and water easily.

Temperature

Buy a thermometer,and place it at the height of the  chicks away from the heat source.

Record daily temperatures.Normal chick temperature should be between 40-41 oC.A simple way of determining the chick temperature is by placing the feet of the chick against your cheek or neck. The chicks feet should feel warm, if the chicks feet are cold,increase the temperatures in the brooder.

 The brooder temperatures are very important and should always be closely monitored. (Refer to chart below)

Chick behaviour is the best indicator of correct brooding temperature. How are the chicks spread out in the brooding area?

 

Lighting Programme

AGE(DAYS)

HOURS(DARK)

0-7

0

Chicks between 100-160g

9

22

8

23

7

24

6

5  Days before Slaughter/Sale

5

4  Days before Slaughter/Sale

4

3  Days before Slaughter/Sale

3

2  Days before Slaughter/Sale

2

1  Days before Slaughter/Sale

1

 

Always weigh birds at 7,14,21,28& 35 Days.                                                                                                                         

Water

 A big change in water consumption should always be investigated because it could indicate a water leak,feed issue or disease.A drop in water consumption is always the first indicator of a flock problem.Always maintain 4 drinkers per 100 birds,and ensure that the water is always cool and clean and available for 24 hours a day.Inadequate water supply will result in reduced growth rate

Feeds

Feed should be placed on a clean egg trays, sack, or news paper for first 7 days so that it can be found easily. Gradually introduce them to feeders.Ratio should be 4 Trays per 100 chicks.These should cover 50% of the brooding area.For regular feeders should be 3 feeders per 100 birds.Feed should be kept in a place free of water, sunlight and rodents/rats.Wet or moldy feed should never be fed to birds. Check a sample of birds 8 hours after arrival, and repeat after 24 hours to see that the birds have fed well. Check a sample of about 30-40 birds in different parts of the poultry house. Feel the crop gently. In chicks that have fed well, the crop will be full, soft and rounded. After 8 hours of delivery, 80% should have full crops at 24 hours after delivery 95-100% should have full crops.

FEEDS.

CHICK STARTER

  • Give 0.5 kg per bird of crumbles/pellets for 2 weeks.

GROWER

  • Give 1.5 kg per bird of grower pellets for 2 weeks.

FINISHER

  • Give 1.5kg per bird of finisher pellets for last 2 week. However, most birds fed on pellets are depleted at 5 weeks.

 

 

 

 

BROILER FEED USAGE GUIDE.

 

50 Chicks

70 Chicks

80 Chicks

100 Chicks

200 Chicks

400 Chicks

500 Chicks

1000 Chicks

Chick Starter.)0.5kgs/chick

14 days or 2 weeks

25 kgs

 

35kgs

40 kegs

 

50kgs

100kgs

200kgs

250kgs

500kgs

Grower 1.5kg/Bird for 14 days or 2 weeks

75kgs

105kgs

120kgs

150kgs

300kgs

600kgs

750kgs

1,500kgs

Finisher 1.5kgs/Bird for 14 days

75kgs

105kgs

120kgs

150kgs

300kgs

600kgs

750kgs

1,500kgs

Please note that the above computations are subject to change for finisher. The usage will be less for finisher if birds are off layed at 5 weeks.

BENEFITS OF PELLETS COMPARED TO MASH

PELLETS

MASH

You need 3.5kgs to grow a bird from day old to depletion.

You need 7-8kg to grow a bird from day old to depletion.

There isn’t any feed wastage. When a pellet falls on the floor, it is still eaten.

There is feed wastage. When mash falls on the floor, it mixes in litter and hence wasted.

Birds sell in 5 weeks with uniform weights.

Birds sell in 7-8 weeks with no uniformity.

Each chicken consumes all the required nutrients in one pellet. This explains why all the birds are sold at once weighing uniformly.

Each Bird doesn’t consume all the required nutrients because mash isn’t evenly mixed. This explains why birds are not sold at the same time. Each bird usually weighs differently.

COSTING FOR 100 DAY OLD BROILERS FEEDING ON PELLETS COMPARED TO MASH.

BIRDS FED ON PELLETS

BIRDS FED ON MASH

Starter: Each kg is 2,000/=,&Each bird consumes  0.5kgs for 2 weeks,times 100 Birds=50kgs*2,000/= gives you     100,000/=

 

Grower:Each kg is 1,850/=,& Each bird consumes 1.5kgs for 2 weeks, times 100 Birds=

150kgs*1,850/=gives you  277,500/=

 

Finisher:Each kg is 1,750/=& Each bird consumes  1.5kgs for 2 weeks times 100 birds=

150kgs*1,750/=  gives you    262,500/=

 

The total Expenditure onfeeds is640,000/=

 

There is a saving of between 32,000/= to 116,000/= for every 100 birds by using pellets.

It takes 8 bags of 70kgs to feed 100 birds from day old to depletion when maize prices are low.Each kg of feeding is usually 1,200/= per kg.

 

GOOD TIMES: 8Bags*70kgs= 560kgs*1,200/= gives you 672,000/=

 

In times when maize is high, feed is usually poor quality and it requires 9 bags to feed those same 100 birds.

 

BAD TIMES: 9 bags*70kgs= 630kgs*1,200/= gives you 756,000/=

 

 

 

VACCINATION PROGRAM

AGE

DISEASE VACCINATED

METHOD OF ADMINISTRATION

1 DAY

New castle disease

Already vaccinated

1 week

New castle  disease

Drop in eyes/ Mix in Water

11 DAYS

Gumboro disease

Drop in eyes or nose

16-18 DAYS

Coccidiosis.

Give Amprolium in Water for 3 days.

19 Days

New castle, Infectious Bronchitis Combined& Gumboro.

Drop in eyes.

25 DAYS

Coccidiosis

Give Amprolium in Water for 3 days

28 Days

New Castle disease

Drop in eyes/Mix in Water

 

  • On vaccination day, tap water should be mixed with skimmed milk. Mix 50mls of skimmed milk to 1 liter of Water.If using powdered skim milk, mix 2.5g (2 tea spoons) per liter of water. Don’t use full fat milk or semi skimmed milk. (Skim milk is sold in supermarkets).
  • Water vaccinations should be drank within 1-2 hours of administration/mixing. Turn off the water source for one hour before administering the vaccine.
  • Come with a flask with ice.
  • A day for collection of vaccines is as follows; Monday and Thursdays at 09:30 am.-02:00pm.
  • Tuesday and Friday at 08;30am.-02:00pm
  • De-worm at 16 Days.
  • Keep the chicken house clean
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We are Biyinzika!

Biyinzika is a leading poultry company in Uganda, and are soon to be a fully integrated poultry company. Our primary business is that of a Poultry Breeding company and have both layer breeders and broiler breeders producing Quality Day Old Chicks for the Ugandan poultry industry. We have a state of the art feed mill with grain storage silos for about 30,000 metric ton.

Our Objectives

Production of pelleted /crumbled Broiler feeds

Production of Mash feeds for Layers, Pigs, Dairy and Beef 

Production of Feed Concentrates

Production of Day old  Broiler chicks

Production of Day old Layer chicks

Production of specific food products such as unimix for WFP (united Nations – world food program) 
 

Get In Touch

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 0414-220607/89 
  P.O.BOX 8646
 Block A, 4th Floor, Nakawa Business       Park - Kampala
 
For All Sales Enquiries  -  0791112227